Othello – a General in the Venetian military
Desdemona – His wife
Iago – Othello’s jealous captain
Michael Cassio – Othello’s most loved captain
Emilia – Iago’s wife and Desdemona’s maid servant.
Branbantio – Venetian senator and Desdemona’s father
Bianca – Cassio’s lover.
Roderigo – a Venetian, deeply in love with Desdemona
Gratiano – Branbantio’s brother
Lodovico – Branbantio’s kinsman and Desdemona’s cousin
Montano – Othello Venetian predecessor, in the government of Cyprus
Ladies and Gentlemen
A prominent senator of Venice, called Brabantio, has a beautiful daughter named Desdemona who was very pretty and elegant. Several suitors came to ask for her hand in marriage of whom she declined. As a result of that, she fell in love with a moor, a black, who despite loved by her father, was not the type of man he would wish for her. Othello (the moor) was a gallant and a brave soldier, who has a position of the rank of a general in the Venetian military service. And very well respected by the state.
A widely traveled man, with many experiences of battles, perils, stories about cannibalism in Africa; of whom Desdemona love to sit and listen to, and she secretly wish to be the bride of such fellow. Brabantio, who wishes the best for her daughter, decided to raise her in the most literal of environment. Desdemona love Othello, even though he was black, went ahead and push further to perform a secret weeding.
Iago told Roderigo who is deeply in love with Desdemona of the secret marriage between Othello and Desdemona and ordered him to break the news to Brabantio. Iago, who is a crafty fellow, decides to go to Othello and warn him that Brabantio is coming for him.
Brabantio been provoked went to Othello, accusing him of bewitching his daughter. hence, Othello explain on how Desdemona loved him which sparked the whole scene.
Iago who was already jealous of Michael Cassio for been promoted by Othello to the position of a lieutenant, decided to carry out an evil plot against him. He decided to get Cassio drunk in a party that occurs when they find out that a storm had destroyed the Turkish fleet. He was successful in his scheme, thereby drawing Cassio and Roderigo to a fight. Othello blames Cassio for causing nuisance, and strip him of his rank. Because of such act, Iago then persuade Micheal Cassio to convince Desdemona to plead with her husband to reinstate him. Iago therefore went and meet Othello to beware of Cassio, as he might be having an affair with his wife.
Othello drops an handkerchief (which was his gift to Desdemona) Emilia (Iago’s wife) saw it and she gave it to her husband unaware of his plan to cause evil. Iago then plants the handkerchief with Cassio thereby telling Othello to stand and watch how Cassio would respond when he confront him about the handkerchief.
Iago met Cassio and talks about his affair with Bianca, a girl of whom Cassio has been spending time with, but speaks her name softly so Othello resolves that they are both talking about Desdemona. Bianca sees the handkerchief, and confront Cassio for giving her a handkerchief from which he received from a certain lover.
Roderigo complains that he has received nothing from Iago in return for his money and effort to win Desdemona; but Iago convinces him to kill Cassio. Roderigo attack Cassio in the street. They fought, and Cassio wound Roderigo. Iago from behind, cut Cassio and he cried for help. Lodovico and Gratiano hear Cassio cry and rush to help him, in which iago also joined them. Iago quietly stabs Roderigo to prevent him from revealing his lot; he then accuses Bhianca of the failed attempt to kill Roderigo.
At night, Othello confront Desdemona and, and smothers her to death. Emilia calls for help, and decides to reveal Iago’s evil plot. Iago kills her. Othello therefore realizes Desdemona innocence decides to commit suicide with a dagger he was hiding. Iago was then executed for treachery and villainy.
All of the action and consequences that was revealed are as a result of jealousy. Iago is jealous of Cassio’s promotion as lieutenant over him; he also believes that Othello had an affair with Emilia, his wife, and harbors plans for revenge on him.
Iago also appears to be envious of Othello’s reputation in Venetian society; despite his race, he has been celebrated and accepted in society. Desdemona’s acceptance of the moor as a worthy husband demonstrates this and this acceptance is due to Othello’s valor as a soldier, Iago is envious of Othello’s position.
Roderigo is jealous of Othello because he is in love with Desdemona. Roderigo attempts to kill Cassio so that Desdemona stays in Cyprus and eventually Roderigo exposes Iago.
Iago convinces Othello, that Desdemona is having an affair with Cassio. He believes Iago, so much that he kills his wife. Jealousy leads to Othello’s flaw and ultimate downfall.
It was jealousy that led to manipulation, in which Iago was the chief architect. Iago successfully manipulated Othello to deny Cassio of his position, as a result he finally went ahead to make him suspect that Cassio and Desdemona are having secret affairs.
Race is a major theme here; simply because Othello is black and Desdemona is white. throughout the play, we see the characters using openly racist language to describe Othello, calling him such names as an ‘old black ram,’ ‘a Barbary horse,’ and referencing his ‘thick lips’.
Othello is been described as if he was an animal. when Iago went and tell Brabantio that his daughter, Desdemona, is having an affair with Othello, he refers to them as animals, telling Brabantio, I am one, sir, that comes to tell you your daughter and the Moor are now making the beast with two backs.
Brabantio finds it difficult to even believe that his daughter could genuinely love a black man, and accuses him of using spells to convince Desdemona to marry him.